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Press releases: 2011

Wellcome Trust announces 2010/11 annual results The Wellcome Trust today publishes its 'Annual Report and Financial Statements' for the year from 1 October 2010 to 30 September 2011. 21 Dec 2011
New candidate malaria vaccine neutralises parasite strains A new candidate malaria vaccine with the potential to neutralise all strains of the most deadly species of malaria parasite has been developed by a team led by scientists at the University of Oxford. 21 Dec 2011
Malaria during pregnancy: new study assesses risks during first trimester The largest ever study to assess the effects of malaria and its treatment in the first trimester of pregnancy has shown that the disease increases risk of miscarriage but that treatment is relatively safe. 14 Dec 2011
ALCS and PLS provide innovative rights identification service for Wellcome Library digitisation project The Wellcome Library has embarked on a major programme to digitise its collection of key books relating to the history of modern genetics and make them available online for research purposes. 14 Dec 2011
Rare genetic disorder provides clues to development of the pancreas A rare genetic disorder has given researchers a surprising insight into how the pancreas develops. The finding provides a clue to how it may be possible to 'programme' stem cells to become pancreatic cells. 12 Dec 2011
Changes in London taxi drivers' brains driven by acquiring 'the Knowledge' Acquiring 'the Knowledge' - the complex layout of central London's 25 000 streets and thousands of places of interest - causes structural changes in the brain and changes to memory in the capital's taxi drivers. 09 Dec 2011
Changing the locks: HIV discovery could allow scientists to block virus's entry into cell nucleus Scientists have found the 'key' that HIV uses to enter our cells' nuclei, allowing it to disable the immune system and cause AIDS. The finding provides a potential new target for anti-AIDS drugs. 09 Dec 2011
New international consortium to prepare research community for future pandemics An international consortium aiming to ensure that the clinical research community is better prepared for the next influenza pandemic or other rapidly emerging public health threat is launched today. 08 Dec 2011
Wellcome Trust welcomes Government's Life Sciences Strategy and NHS innovation review The Director of the Wellcome Trust, Sir Mark Walport, has responded to the Government's Life Sciences Strategy and to the review of innovation in the NHS from NHS Chief Executive Sir David Nicholson. 05 Dec 2011
Study highlights serious problem of hospital-acquired infections in Africa Research funded by the Wellcome Trust suggests that bloodstream infections acquired while in care might contribute to one in every 20 deaths that occur in children in hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa. 30 Nov 2011
Wellcome Trust welcomes government investment in science education The UK government has announced further funding for Project ENTHUSE, matched by investment from the Wellcome Trust, to improve the quality of science teaching in schools. 29 Nov 2011
Initial Teacher Training can fail to equip science teachers with sufficient subject knowledge Many newly qualified science teachers complete their initial training without sufficient subject knowledge to teach, according to research commissioned and published by the Wellcome Trust. 29 Nov 2011
Mark Henderson appointed Head of Communications at the Wellcome Trust Mark Henderson, Science Editor of 'The Times', is to join the Wellcome Trust as its new Head of Communications, it is announced today. 17 Nov 2011
Student organisation launched to encourage medical students to pursue careers in research An organisation to inform medical students about the benefits of careers in clinical research and academic medicine launches today, aiming to tackle the decline in the number of doctors pursuing careers in academic research. 15 Nov 2011
'Turn of Mind' by Alice LaPlante wins the Wellcome Trust Book Prize The third Wellcome Trust Book Prize has been awarded to Alice LaPlante for her debut novel 'Turn of Mind', a tale of a family's secrets exposed by murder and a brilliant mind in terminal decline. 10 Nov 2011
Scientists make step towards using brain scans to predict outcome of psychotic episodes Computer analysis of brain scans could help predict the future illness course of a patient with psychosis, which could allow doctors to make more accurate decisions about how best to treat patients. 08 Nov 2011
Editorial team announced for 'eLife' The senior editorial team is today announced for 'eLife', the new top-tier, open access research journal to be launched next year with the support of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society and the Wellcome Trust. 07 Nov 2011
Professor Mike Ferguson appointed to Wellcome Trust Board of Governors The Wellcome Trust today announces the appointment of Professor Mike Ferguson, Dean of Research for the College of Life Sciences at the University of Dundee, to its Board of Governors. 31 Oct 2011
Royal Society and Wellcome Trust partnership to nurture future world leaders in biomedicine Two of the world's most influential scientific organisations today launched the Sir Henry Dale Fellowships, a joint scheme to identify and support future world leaders in biomedical research. 25 Oct 2011
Roger go to yellow three: choral composition to explore the cocktail party effect Musicians are helping scientists to understand how our brains can focus listening attention amidst a room of background noise with performances of a new experimental choral composition. 24 Oct 2011
Brain scans support findings that IQ can rise or fall significantly during adolescence IQ, the standard measure of intelligence, can increase or fall significantly during our teenage years, and these changes are associated with changes to the structure of our brains. 20 Oct 2011
Outstanding new Wellcome Trust Investigators announced The Wellcome Trust today announces the latest recipients of its New and Senior Investigator Awards, given to outstanding researchers asking the most challenging research questions in biomedicine. 20 Oct 2011
Number of Facebook friends linked to size of brain regions Scientists funded by the Wellcome Trust have found a direct link between the number of 'Facebook friends' a person has and the size of particular brain regions. 19 Oct 2011
First genome-wide association study for dengue identifies candidate susceptibility genes Researchers in South-east Asia have identified two genetic variants associated with increased susceptibility to severe dengue. The study offers clues to how the body responds to dengue infection. 17 Oct 2011
Google Earth typhoid maps reveal secrets of disease outbreaks Scientists working in Kathmandu, Nepal, have combined the latest in gene sequencing technology and global positioning system (GPS) case localisation to map the spread of typhoid and trace its source. 17 Oct 2011
Mark Patterson named Managing Executive Editor of new open access journal Dr Mark Patterson, director of publishing at the Public Library of Science (PLoS), has been named managing executive editor of an open access research journal being launched next year. 11 Oct 2011
Brain imaging reveals why we remain optimistic in the face of reality For some people, the glass is always half-full. But why, in the face of clear evidence to the contrary, do some people remain so optimistic about the future? 10 Oct 2011
Wellcome Trust Book Prize 2011 shortlist announced The Wellcome Trust Book Prize today announces its third ever shortlist for works of fiction and non-fiction on the theme of health, illness or medicine. 06 Oct 2011
Miracles & Charms at Wellcome Collection Miracles & Charms, Wellcome Collection's autumn exhibition programme, opens today, linking faith, mortality and healing, and offering insight into human responses to chance and suffering. 06 Oct 2011
Scientists find mechanism that leads to drug resistance in bacteria causing melioidosis Researchers have identified how Burkholderia pseudomallei - the cause of melioidosis - develops resistance to the standard antibiotic treatment. 04 Oct 2011
New standard for HPV testing could improve diagnosis of head and neck cancers Researchers have identified the most accurate test for identifying HPV-related head and neck cancers. 04 Oct 2011
Hedging your bets: how the brain makes decisions based on related information When making decisions based on interdependent factors, we choose based on how these factors correlate with each other and not using an ad hoc rule of thumb or through trial and error, as was previously thought. 23 Sep 2011
Is the 'longevity gene' nearing the end of its life? Sirtuins, proteins believed to significantly increase lifespan in a number of organisms - and the claimed target of some anti-ageing creams - do not, in fact, affect animal longevity, according to new research. 22 Sep 2011
Young people recognise the value of science for their future School pupils are interested in science at school and recognize that studying science could lead to a better career, according to a new report from the Wellcome Trust. 16 Sep 2011
Scientists create mammalian cells with single chromosome set For the first time, researchers have created mammalian cells containing a single set of chromosomes. The technique should allow scientists to better establish the relationships between genes and their function. 08 Sep 2011
Malaria prevention strategies could substantially cut killer bacterial infections Interventions targeting malaria, such as insecticide-treated bed nets, antimalarial drugs and mosquito control, could substantially reduce cases of bacteraemia, which kill hundreds of thousands of children each year. 07 Sep 2011
Wellcome Trust appoints new Head of Education and Learning Dr Hilary Leevers has been appointed as Head of Education and Learning at the Wellcome Trust. Dr Leevers will lead the delivery of the Trust's recently announced education strategy. 16 Aug 2011
Wellcome Trust statement on the Olympic Park The Wellcome Trust is disappointed that the Government and the Mayor of London did not wish to take our proposals for the Olympic Park further. If our bid had been successful, our holistic vision for the Olympic Park and the legacy would have delivered a world-class centre for technology and innovation and up to 7000 high-quality new jobs, and it would have made a substantial contribution to the regeneration of East London. 04 Aug 2011
Text message reminders improve healthcare practice in rural Africa, study finds New research funded by the Wellcome Trust has shown that sending text message reminders to healthcare workers in rural Africa can improve the implementation of national guidelines for treating malaria. 04 Aug 2011
Wellcome Trust statement on the Government response to the Hargreaves review The Wellcome Trust is pleased that the Government has accepted the recommendations of the Hargreaves review of intellectual property. We believe the actions proposed are crucial to address the barriers that the UK's outdated copyright system presents to research and innovation. 04 Aug 2011
European Bioinformatics Institute to lead UK PubMed Central The European Molecular Biology Laboratory's European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) has been awarded the contract to run UK PubMed Central (UKPMC), the free online life science literature resource. 29 Jul 2011
Historic Arabic medical manuscripts go online Researchers may now search and browse the Wellcome Library's Arabic manuscripts using groundbreaking functionalities in a new online resource that brings together rich descriptive information and detailed images. 28 Jul 2011
Biomedical research funders respond to the Review of Research Using Non-Human Primates The Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Medical Research Council (MRC) and Wellcome Trust have responded to the independent review led by Professor Sir Patrick Bateson FRS. 27 Jul 2011
Wellcome Trust announces Engagement Fellows The Wellcome Trust is pleased to announce the first recipients of its Engagement Fellowships: clinical scientist Kevin Fong and medical historian Richard Barnett. 19 Jul 2011
New journal editor named as Randy Schekman Randy Schekman, a distinguished cell biologist and the 14th editor of 'Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences', has been named the first editor of a new journal that the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society and the Wellcome Trust aim to launch next year. 12 Jul 2011
Unlocking the genetics and biology of ankylosing spondylitis A study involving more than 5000 people with ankylosing spondylitis has identified a series of genetic variants associated with increased susceptibility to the condition and provided new clues to how it may be treated in the future. 11 Jul 2011
Beauty is in the medial orbitofrontal cortex of the beholder, study finds A region at the front of the brain 'lights up' when we experience beauty in a piece of art or a musical excerpt, according to new research funded by the Wellcome Trust and published today in the open access journal PLoS One. 07 Jul 2011
Leading research organisations announce top-tier, open access journal for biomedical and life sciences The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society and the Wellcome Trust announced today that they are to support a new, top-tier, open access journal for biomedical and life sciences research. 27 Jun 2011
Premature ageing caused by some HIV drugs, study shows A class of antiretroviral drugs commonly used to treat HIV, particularly in Africa and low-income countries, may cause premature ageing by damaging DNA in the mitochondria. 27 Jun 2011
Fellowship programme for newly qualified postdoctoral researchers extended following scheme's success Seventeen of the brightest newly qualified postdoctoral researchers have been awarded Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowships, and the scheme itself has been extended indefinitely. 24 Jun 2011
TB trial highlights challenges of introducing new childhood vaccine A new vaccine to combat tuberculosis is less effective at stimulating an immune response when administered to Gambian infants in combination with the routine immunisation schedule. 23 Jun 2011
Proposed changes to the Health and Social Care Bill are a step in the right direction, says Wellcome Trust The government's latest statement on the proposed health reforms is an important step towards ensuring that the new health system supports and promotes research. 14 Jun 2011
Outstanding researchers receive inaugural Wellcome Trust Investigator Awards The Wellcome Trust today announces the first recipients of its Investigator Awards, 56 million worth of funding for exceptional researchers addressing the most important questions about health and disease. 02 Jun 2011
Applications open for Medical Humanities Investigator Awards Applications open today for world-class scholars in the medical humanities and bioethics to apply for Wellcome Trust Investigator Awards in Medical Humanities. 01 Jun 2011
How our focus can silence the noisy world around us How can someone with perfectly normal hearing become deaf to the world around them? New research suggests that focusing on a task results in the experience of deafness to perfectly audible sounds. 27 May 2011
Polypill halves predicted heart disease and stroke risk The world's first international polypill trial has shown that a four-in-one combination pill can halve the predicted risk of heart disease and stroke. 26 May 2011
Rare tumour's 'fingerprint' used to develop cheap and reliable new test Researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a cheap and reliable diagnostic test for a rare form of cancer. The test involves screening tumour samples for a particular molecular fingerprint unique to this type of cancer. 20 May 2011
Wellcome Trust calls for clearer vision for NHS reform The government's proposed reforms to the National Health Service lack a clear vision of what a 21st-century health service should deliver, according to the Director of the Wellcome Trust, Sir Mark Walport. 20 May 2011
Rare surgeon portrait acquired by Wellcome Library The Wellcome Library in London has acquired a magnificent portrait drawing of the French surgeon Ange-Bernard Imbert-Delonnes (1747-1818) by Pierre Chasselat - a portrait with a distinctive feature. 18 May 2011
Wellcome Trust welcomes Hargreaves Review on reform of UK copyright system The Wellcome Trust supports the recommendations of the Hargreaves Review for reform of the UK copyright system. Such reform is urgently needed to update a system that is no longer fit for purpose in the digital age. 18 May 2011
Scientists track evolution of deadly fungus, one of the world's major killers Research has shed light on the origins of a fungal infection that is one of the major causes of death from AIDS-related illnesses. The study shows how Cryptococcus neoformans evolved and spread out of Africa and into Asia. 05 May 2011
Wellcome Trust expands Investigator Awards to tackle ambitious questions in medical humanities The Wellcome Trust announces today that it will expand its new Investigator Awards to cover the medical humanities and bioethics, inviting applications from world-class scholars asking the most important questions at the interface of science, medicine and the humanities. 04 May 2011
Trial recommends new antibiotic for typhoid in low-income countries A large clinical trial comparing treatments for typhoid has recommended the use of gatifloxacin, an affordable new-generation antibiotic. 03 May 2011
UK Government urged to permit use of techniques to prevent transmission of mitochondrial diseases Leading medical research charities have signed a joint open letter to the Secretary of State for Health, the Rt Hon Andrew Lansley MP, urging him to introduce regulations to enable research techniques developed to prevent the hereditary transmission of mitochondrial disease to be used. 20 Apr 2011
Persistence of stuttering into teenage years predicted by simple model Researchers have developed a model that can predict whether a child will recover from a stutter in four out of five cases. The model should allow clinicians to target those children most in need of speech therapy. 18 Apr 2011
Mapping the brain: new technique poised to untangle the complexity of the brain Scientists have moved a step closer to being able to develop a computer model of the brain after developing a technique to map the connections and functions of nerve cells in the brain together for the first time. 11 Apr 2011
Monkeys provide malaria reservoir for human disease in South-east Asia Monkeys infected with an emerging malaria strain are providing a reservoir for human disease in South-east Asia, according to research published today. The study confirms that the species has not yet adapted to humans. 08 Apr 2011
Wellcome Trust launches new Science Writing Prize The Wellcome Trust has launched a new Science Writing Prize, in association with the 'Guardian' and the 'Observer'. 07 Apr 2011
Brain scans reveal differences in brain structure in teenagers with severe antisocial behaviour Brain scans of aggressive and antisocial teenage boys with conduct disorder have revealed differences in the structure of the developing brain that could link to their behaviour problems. 01 Apr 2011
Severe reaction to epilepsy drug linked to genetic variant Researchers have discovered a genetic variant that significantly increases the risk of carriers being allergic to a common medication for epilepsy. 24 Mar 2011
Statement regarding Olympic Park proposal The Wellcome Trust has been shortlisted by the Olympic Delivery Authority to submit a proposal for the purchase and long-term management of the residential properties known as the Athletes Village. 17 Mar 2011
Treatments for recurring TB infection failing the developing world, study finds The standard approach to re-treating tuberculosis (TB) in low- and middle-income settings is failing, according to research funded by the Wellcome Trust. 16 Mar 2011
Why Henry Higgins could tell his barrow girl from his fair lady When Professor Higgins instructed Eliza Doolittle that it was "Ay not I", he was drawing on years of experience as a professor of phonetics - but his ability to differentiate between similar sounds may have stemmed from birth. 16 Mar 2011
Exposure to worm infection in the womb may protect against eczema, study suggests Exposure to worm infections in the womb may protect a newborn infant from developing eczema, a study funded by the Wellcome Trust suggests. A large trial in Uganda showed that treating a pregnant woman for worm infections increased her child's chances of developing the allergic skin disease. 31 Jan 2011
Roger Brownsword appointed Chairman of UK Biobank Ethics and Governance Council Professor Roger Brownsword has been appointed as Chairman of the UK Biobank Ethics and Governance Council. He replaces Professor Graeme Laurie, who finished his four-year term at the end of 2010. 12 Jan 2011
Global funding agencies commit to enhancing access to research data to improve public health Health research data must be made more widely available within the scientific community if we are to unlock the full potential of research and achieve significant advances in public health, according to leading funding agencies. 10 Jan 2011
Chronic fatigue syndrome not caused by XMRV virus, study shows A virus previously thought to be associated with chronic fatigue syndrome is not the cause of the disease, a detailed study has shown. 06 Jan 2011
Pregnant, constipated and bloated? Fly poo may tell you why Clues about how our gut helps to regulate our appetite have come from a most unusual source: fruit fly faeces. Scientists at the University of Cambridge are using the fruit fly to understand aspects of human metabolism, including why pregnant women suffer from bloating and constipation, and even the link between a low-calorie diet and lifespan. 06 Jan 2011
Brain scans show children with ADHD have faulty off-switch for mind-wandering Brain scans of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have shown for the first time why people affected by the condition sometimes have such difficulty in concentrating. 06 Jan 2011
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