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Press releases: 2010

UK primary school children publish in peer-reviewed journal A group of UK primary school children have achieved a world first by having their school science project published in an internationally recognised peer-reviewed journal. The paper, which reports novel findings in how bumblebees perceive colour, appears today in 'Biology Letters'. 22 Dec 2010
Genetic variants linked to increased risk of common gynaecological disease Research identifies two genetic variants that increase the risk of developing endometriosis, a common gynaecological disease. The study provides clues to the origin of this often very painful condition, which has a significant impact on the quality of life of sufferers. 13 Dec 2010
Seeing the world differently: how the brain's architecture makes our view of the world unique Wellcome Trust scientists have shown for the first time that exactly how we see our environment depends on the size of the visual part of our brain. 06 Dec 2010
HIV clinical trial looks at potential benefits of treating recently infected people Clinical trial is examining whether it is possible to limit damage to the immune system by treating people soon after they are infected with HIV with a short course of antiretroviral drugs. 01 Dec 2010
Erectile dysfunction may indicate an increased risk of heart disease A study published today suggests that older men affected by erectile dysfunction may have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. 23 Nov 2010
Rapid, low-cost test for multi-drug resistant TB gains WHO endorsement A rapid, low-cost test for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) - including multi-drug resistance - has been endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) for use in resource-poor settings. 15 Nov 2010
Leading public health expert appointed to Wellcome Trust Board of Governors The Wellcome Trust today announces the appointment of Professor Anne Johnson to its Board of Governors. 10 Nov 2010
'The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks' wins the Wellcome Trust Book Prize Ten years in the making, 'The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks' - a beautiful but harrowing work of non-fiction by Rebecca Skloot - has won the 2010 Wellcome Trust Book Prize. 10 Nov 2010
Major clinical trial prompts call for change to treatment guidelines for severe malaria The largest ever clinical trial in patients hospitalised with severe malaria has concluded that the drug artesunate should now be the preferred treatment for the disease in both children and adults worldwide. The study, funded by the Wellcome Trust, is published online in the journal 'Lancet'. 08 Nov 2010
Gene discovery supports link between handedness and language-related disorders Scientists have identified a genetic variant which influences whether a person with dyslexia is more skilled with either the left or right hand. 05 Nov 2010
Global map of the sickle cell gene confirms the 'malaria hypothesis' At a global scale, the sickle-cell gene is most commonly found in areas with historically high levels of malaria, adding to the hypothesis that the gene avoids disappearing through natural selection by providing protection against malaria. 03 Nov 2010
Risk of heart attack and stroke following dental treatment outweighed by long-term benefits Research suggests that invasive dental treatment carries a small but statistically significant increase in the risk of stroke and heart attack over the short term. However, the authors of the study stress that any increase in risk is likely to be outweighed by the long-term benefits of such treatment. 19 Oct 2010
Drug candidate reverses age-related memory loss in mice Researchers at the University of Edinburgh today report a new experimental compound that can improve memory and cognitive function in ageing mice. The compound is being investigated with a view to developing a drug that could slow the natural decline in memory associated with ageing. 13 Oct 2010
Wellcome Trust invites brightest minds to apply for Investigator Awards Applications open today for the brightest minds in biomedical research to apply for Wellcome Trust New Investigator Awards and Senior Investigator Awards. 01 Oct 2010
New funding partnership announced for biomedical researchers in Ireland The Wellcome Trust, Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) and the Health Research Board (HRB) have today announced the SFI-HRB-Wellcome Trust Biomedical Research Partnership to jointly fund biomedical researchers in Ireland. 29 Sep 2010
Is explaining variation in height a tall order? Hundreds of common genetic variants across the human genome influence adult height, according to a study of over 180 000 individuals published today in the journal 'Nature'. The study itself identifies over a hundred new variants and shows that they are not randomly-distributed, but are clustered around genes which have been previously linked to growth. 29 Sep 2010
Study finds first direct evidence that ADHD is a genetic disorder Research published today provides the first direct evidence that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a genetic condition. Scientists at Cardiff University found that children with ADHD were more likely to have small segments of their DNA duplicated or missing than other children. 29 Sep 2010
Structural Genomics Consortium releases 1000th protein structure The Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) announced today the release into the public domain of its 1 000th high resolution protein structure. 27 Sep 2010
Largest genetic study of asthma points towards better treatments A large international study has identified several genetic variants that increase susceptibility to asthma in the population. 27 Sep 2010
Disgusting experiment answers century-old philosophical question Is your stomach churning because you feel disgusted, or is your sense of disgust caused by your stomach churning? 24 Sep 2010
What do children really think about SATs? A survey of children in England and Wales and their parents reveals overwhelming support for science assessment in primary school, but a strong preference for non-SATs testing. 21 Sep 2010
Scientists identify link between introspection and brain structure Our ability to reflect on our own thoughts, emotions and behaviour is one of the key aspects of consciousness and what makes us human, but the biological basis of this process - known as introspection - has, until now, been unknown. 17 Sep 2010
School students win once-in-a-lifetime trip to the Galįpagos Islands The winners of our Survival Rivals competition to send a group of UK students to the Galįpagos Islands are announced at the British Science Festival in Birmingham. 15 Sep 2010
Study provides recommended techniques for handling lab mice to reduce anxiety Improving handling techniques for laboratory mice helps reduce stress and anxiety, according to a study published in 'Nature Methods'. 13 Sep 2010
Study highlights most effective malaria drug regimens for first-line treatment Research identifies the most effective drug combinations recommended for use as first-line treatments for malaria. The study also suggests that augmenting the treatments with a single dose of the drug primaquine could have a major effect on malaria transmission from treated patients. 09 Sep 2010
UKCMRI submits plans for world-leading medical research institute The UK Centre for Medical Research and Innovation (UKCMRI) has applied to Camden Council for permission to build a world-leading medical research institute at St Pancras and Somers Town in London. 07 Sep 2010
Drug candidate shows promise as treatment for drug-resistant malaria An international collaboration of researchers describe a potent new drug candidate that can clear malaria infection in mice with a single oral dose. 03 Sep 2010
Protecting the lungs against 'collateral damage' from the immune system A study published in 'Science' shows how our bodies try to minimise potential 'collateral damage' caused by our immune system when fighting infection. The research may also provide new clues to why cigarette smoke is a significant risk factor for developing diseases of the lung. 03 Sep 2010
Two heads are better than one - with the right partner In the new age of coalition governments, the question of whether two heads are better than one is more relevant than ever. A study published in the journal 'Science' shows that two heads can be better than one - but only if you have the right partner. 27 Aug 2010
Copy number variation found to cause rare kidney disease A rare form of kidney disease linked to a genetic mutation in the innate immune system has been identified by researchers funded by the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council. 26 Aug 2010
Vitamin D found to influence over 200 genes, highlighting links to disease The extent to which vitamin D deficiency may increase susceptibility to a wide range of diseases is dramatically highlighted in research published today. 24 Aug 2010
Blood, Guts, Brains and Babies iPhone app Wellcome Collection and City Stories Walks bring you their first interactive, multimedia walking tour straight to your iPhone or iPod Touch. 19 Aug 2010
Genetic variant linked to tuberculosis susceptibility A genome-wide association study has identified a genetic variant that increases susceptibility to tuberculosis in African populations. 09 Aug 2010
Image of antibiotic in action opens opportunities to combat resistance Detailed pictures published today reveal how a new type of experimental antibiotic can kill bacteria that are already resistant to existing treatments. 05 Aug 2010
Nurturing tomorrow's research leaders What makes us behave unselfishly? Could neuroscience hold the answers? Molly Crockett, Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowship recipient, believes so. 29 Jul 2010
£45 million for development of affordable healthcare products A £45 million partnership between the Wellcome Trust and the Indian government will support development of innovative and affordable healthcare products. 29 Jul 2010
Professor Peter Rigby to become Wellcome Trust Deputy Chairman Professor Peter Rigby, Chief Executive of the Institute of Cancer Research, is becoming Deputy Chairman of the Wellcome Trust's Board of Governors. 23 Jul 2010
Wellcome Collection reaches 1 million visitor milestone On 20 July 2007 Wellcome Collection opened to the public. Just three years later, one million people have passed through its doors. 22 Jul 2010
Largest study of genomes and cancer treatments releases first results The largest study to correlate genetics with response to cancer drugs has released its first results. The UK-US collaboration's work is a step towards more personalised cancer treatment. 19 Jul 2010
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute launches spin-out company The Wellcome Trust today announces investment in Kymab, a company focused on novel monoclonal antibody medicines from discovery to commercialisation. 12 Jul 2010
Maternal diet and genes interact to affect heart development A pregnant mother's diet may interact with the genes her unborn child inherits and influence the type or severity of birth defect according to research. 07 Jul 2010
Wellcome-Wolfson partnership invests in UK science infrastructure Over £30 million is being invested into large-scale university infrastructure projects courtesy of the Wellcome-Wolfson Capital Awards initiative. 02 Jul 2010
Muscular problems in children with neonatal diabetes are neurological Research finds muscle weakness and coordination problems in infants with neonatal diabetes are caused by problems in the brain, not the muscles. 02 Jul 2010
Impulsive, weak-willed, or just too much dopamine? Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at UCL shed light on the brain processes that affect our will power and make us act impulsively. 30 Jun 2010
Wellcome Trust launches study of 10 000 human genomes in UK The Wellcome Trust has launched a project to decode the genomes of 10 000 people over three years - one of the largest genome sequencing programmes ever. 25 Jun 2010
Celebrating a 'decade of discovery' since the Human Genome Project Leading scientists who helped map the human genome celebrate a decade of discovery since the first draft with the launch of the UK 10 000 Genomes Project. 25 Jun 2010
Brain study shows that the opinions of others matter Simon Cowell may seem to relish arguing with fellow judges, but new research suggests that, at a neuronal level, he would find agreement more satisfying. 18 Jun 2010
Battle of the bugs leaves humans as collateral damage Scientists have shown how a battle for survival at a microscopic level could leave humans as the unlikely victims. 18 Jun 2010
Giant parasite alert in Glasgow's West End! Visitors to Glasgow's West End should take extra care this weekend: a giant purple monster is expected to be working its way through the crowds. 11 Jun 2010
Link identified between lower IQ scores and attempted suicide in men Low IQ scores in early adulthood are associated with an increased risk of attempted suicide in men, according to new research funded by the Wellcome Trust. 04 Jun 2010
Study reveals genetic link to infectious disease susceptibility Researchers have identified new genetic variants that increase susceptibility to several infectious diseases including tuberculosis and malaria. 20 May 2010
Disease control, not climate change, key to future of malaria A study published today casts doubt on the notion that warming global temperatures will lead to intensification of malaria and its widening reach. 20 May 2010
Pandemic flu containment bought valuable time, Vietnam study suggests Measures introduced in Vietnam to prevent the spread of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza may have bought health services and researchers valuable time. 19 May 2010
EU gives green light for while-you-wait Hepatitis B test An inexpensive new while-you-wait test for the detection of Hepatitis B virus has been given regulatory approval for use in the European Union. 19 May 2010
New Director of Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute announced The Wellcome Trust announces the appointment of Professor Mike Stratton as the new Director of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. 17 May 2010
Recognising excellence in primary school science Following successes in regional pilot schemes, the Primary Science Quality Mark has received further funding to roll out the project on a national basis. 06 May 2010
Details of new Wellcome Trust Investigator Awards announced Wellcome Trust announces further details of its Investigator Awards, a major scheme to help world-class researchers tackle ambitious research questions. 05 May 2010
People with HIV hold clues to Salmonella vaccine development A study published today offers a long-awaited explanation for the link between HIV infection and susceptibility to life-threatening strains of Salmonella. 23 Apr 2010
£110 million secures investment in Seeding Drug Discovery The Wellcome Trust today announces an injection of £110 million to extend its Seeding Drug Discovery initiative for a further five years. 19 Apr 2010
Genetic material successfully transferred between two fertilised eggs Scientists have developed a technique which successfully transfers DNA betweenhuman eggs. This could prevent the transmission of mitochondrial diseases. 14 Apr 2010
Gene provides a link between lower birth weight and type 2 diabetes New research uncovers two genetic regions that influence birth weight. One of the regions is also associated with type 2 diabetes, which helps to explain why small babies have higher rates of diabetes in later life. 07 Apr 2010
Common copy number variations may not contribute to common disease A study of genetics of common diseases finds that common copy number variations - duplicated or missing chunks of DNA - are unlikely to play a major role. 01 Apr 2010
Behavioural incentives mimic medication's effects on brain in ADHD Medication and behavioural interventions help children with ADHD maintain attention and self-control by normalising activity in the same brain systems. 01 Apr 2010
Diamond synchrotron secures funding for next phase Further funding from the government and the Wellcome Trust will support development for Diamond Light Source, the national synchrotron science facility. 30 Mar 2010
UK student teams receive support for synthetic biology competition The Wellcome Trust announces the recipients of its inaugural stipends supporting UK entries in the International Genetically Engineered Machine competition. 25 Mar 2010
Sex on the brain: 'Doublesex' gene key to determining fruit fly gender According to research, male and female brains may be far more different then previously thought, at least in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. 22 Mar 2010
Traces of the past: Computer algorithm able to 'read' memories Computer programs have been able to predict which of three short films a person is thinking about, just by looking at their brain activity. 12 Mar 2010
Study fails to find link between chronic fatigue syndrome and virus A study published in the journal 'Retrovirology' has failed to find evidence of a link between chronic fatigue syndrome and a recently discovered virus. 10 Mar 2010
Women's support groups improve neonatal survival rates A study shows that women's community groups have had a dramatic effect on reducing neonatal mortality rates in some of the poorest areas of India. 08 Mar 2010
Genetic variant offers protection against TB and leprosy A study has identified a new genetic variant which affects susceptibility to diseases such as tuberculosis and leprosy. 05 Mar 2010
Why our peripheral vision may not be as random as we think Researchers show that the 'crowding' effect to peripheral vision, believed to make us worse at recognizing things, may not be as random as first thought. 05 Mar 2010
Pneumococcal vaccine offers protection to HIV-infected African adults A clinical trial of a vaccine against a major cause of pneumonia and meningitis shows that it can prevent re-infection in HIV-infected adults in Africa. 04 Mar 2010
Study finds delay in referrals for older women with ovarian cancer A study of electronic patient records suggests that older women with suspected ovarian cancer may be referred for investigation later than younger women. 03 Mar 2010
European research funders support UK open access repository Four European research funders have today agreed that outputs from their funding should be made freely available through UK PubMed Central (UKPMC). 01 Mar 2010
New head of Wellcome Library appointed A new Head of the Wellcome Library has been appointed. Dr Simon Chaplin started his new position at the beginning of February. 23 Feb 2010
Understanding the causes and triggers of bipolar disorder Volunteers are invited to join Stephen Fry and Kerry Katona in helping to understand how genetic and environmental factors contribute to bipolar disorder. 17 Feb 2010
Patients 'unafraid' to gamble show role of amygdala in decision-making Two patients with rare lesions to the brain have provided direct of evidence of how we make decisions - and why we dislike the thought of losing money. 09 Feb 2010
Babies' brains tuned to sharing attention with others Children as young as five months old will follow the gaze of an adult towards an object and engage in joint attention, according to research. 27 Jan 2010
Two-pronged immune response offers hope for effective Salmonella vaccine Research from Malawi, Birmingham and Liverpool has renewed hope that an effective vaccine could be developed against nontyphoidal strains of Salmonella. 26 Jan 2010
How laughter unites the world Here's a piece of research that might leave you tickled: laughter is a universal language, according to new research. 26 Jan 2010
Open access drug discovery database launches ChEMBLdb, an online database of information on drugs and drug-like small molecules and their targets, launches today with over half a million compounds. 18 Jan 2010
Profits from conference centre to go back to the Wellcome Trust The Wellcome Collection Conference Centre in London has announced that it will gift aid profits in the region of £750 000 back to the Wellcome Trust. 14 Jan 2010
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